Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Commerce of the Human Species
Ottobah Cugoano publishes Thoughts and Sentiments on the Evil and Wicked Traffic of the Commerce of the Human Species, the first dedicated abolitionist publication in English by an African.
Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade
The Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade is founded in London by twelve men, including Thomas Clarkson and Granville Sharp. At their instigation, the following five years would see a surge in abolitionist activity in Great Britain and around the world.
Northwest Ordinance prohibits slavery in the Northwest Territories, except as criminal punishment, in the Northwest Territory (later Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, and Wisconsin). Residents of the territory are required to return fugitive slaves.
Benjamin Franklin becomes Honorary President
Benjamin Franklin becomes Honorary President of the Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the Abolition of Slavery.
U.S. Constitution Drafted
The U.S. Constitution is drafted in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
African Methodist Episcopal Church Founded
Black preacher Richard Allen founds the African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
African Mason Lodge Founded
Prince Hall founds the first black fraternal organization, the African Mason Lodge, in Boston, Massachusetts. It provides services to the black community and lobbies against slavery and discrimination.
Free African Society in Philadelphia Established
Philadelphia free blacks establish the Free African Society in Philadelphia, the first independent black organization and a mutual aid society.
Rhode Island Forbids Slave Trade
Rhode Island forbids residents from participating in the slave trade.
Delaware Regulates Slave Trade
Delaware regulates interstate slave trade.
South Carolina Ends Slave Trade
South Carolina ends domestic and international slave trade.
North Carolina Places Duty on Imported African Slaves
North Carolina levies a prohibitive duty on imported African slaves.
US Constitution Counts Slaves as 3/5 of a Man
The ratified U.S. Constitution allows a male slave to count as three-fifths of a man in determining representation in the House of Representatives. The Constitution sets 1808 as the earliest date for the national government to ban the slave trade.
Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade - London
Founding in London of the Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade.
William Wilberforce Becomes Leader
William Wilberforce becomes the Parliamentary leader and begins a ten-year campaign to abolish Britain’s slave trade