13th Amendment Proposed
Thirteenth amendment to the Constitution of the United States proposed. The amendment stated that:”Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.”
Reconstruction Era Begins
Reconstruction Era begins. It introduces a series of laws, codes, amendments, and acts. Although African Americans received U.S. citizenship with the ratification of the Fourteenth Amendment in 1868, America’s Indigenous peoples, aka Native Americans, were not U.S. citizens until the Indian Citizenship Act of 1924.
Freedmen's Bureau Established
The Freedmen’s Bureau is established in the War Department. The Bureau supervises all relief and educational activities relating to refugees and freedmen, including issuing rations, clothing and medicine. The Bureau also assumes custody of confiscated lands or property in the former Confederate States, Border States, District of Columbia, and Indian Territory.