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Slave Population Exceeds Two Million

The slave population in the U.S. numbers more than two million, making the ratio of free to enslaved Americans approximately 5.5:1.

Virginia Legislature Launches Debate

Virginia legislature launches an intense debate on abolishing slavery.

Canada Becomes Important Refuge for Fugitive Slaves

In response to Ohio’s Black Laws restricting African American freedom, blacks migrate north to establish free black colonies in Canada, which becomes an important refuge for fugitive slaves.

First Negro Convention

The first National Negro Convention convenes in Philadelphia.

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