England's Monarchy is Overthrown
England’s parliament passed an act abolishing monarchy and the House of Lords led by Oliver Cromwell. The England’s monarch is overthrown and suspended, while King Charles I is beheaded for treason. England becomes a republic or a Commonwealth with a central supreme government which holds the authority over and makes the decisions for subordinate local governments. However, the execution of the King caused the Scottish parliament to snub the newly formed Commonwealth south of the border. They declared the exiled Charles King of Great Britain and he improved his bargaining position by successfully encouraging the Royalist champion, the Earl of Montrose to come out of exile and raise a force once more.