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By Larry Kenneth Alexander

The Treaty of Paris of 1783 heralded the end of the “hostilities” between the British and America’s patriots and was the end of America’s Revolutionary War. Yet the Americans intensified their assault upon colonial Black English citizens which caused British General Guy Carleton to lodge a formal protest in May 1783. General George Washington, heading an American dlegation claimed former enslaved people were excluded from the treaty – as they were chattel, legally owned property. Carleton disagreed and this international incident was to be addressed by the U.S. Congress but it never was. Yet the U.S. enslaved and exploited 500,000 presumptive English citizens without granting them the due process of law. This is their case for liberty.

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